“International Women’s Day was inspired by the success of an almost three-month-long ladies’ garment workers’ strike in 1909, which came to be known as the ‘Uprising of 20,000’ — which was called for by a 23-year-old woman, Clara Lemlich. (During the strike, she was beaten, broke six ribs and was arrested 17 times.)

The triumph of the ladies’ garment workers’ efforts to have their union recognized led to Socialists all over the country organizing ‘Women’s Day’ marches all over the country the following year, in March 1910. Inspired by the American women’s victory, that year Clara Zetkin, a German Marxist feminist theorist, proposed International Women’s Day at the International Socialist Women’s Conference in Copenhagen that year. In 1911, it was honored for the first time on March 8th, with hundreds of thousands of European women turning out to campaign for labor rights and the right to vote.”

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